During previous discussions, we briefly discussed the impact of air pressure on balls and the impact on play, particularly in the aerial sector. At padel, as in most outdoor racquet sports, environmental conditions play a determining role. Among these factors, atmospheric pressure stands out for its significant impact on the behavior of balls and the progress of matches. This article carefully explores the influence of this key element on ball behavior, highlighting its impact on player strategies and performance.

The effect of atmospheric pressure on bullets padel

At the heart of the game, the ball conceals an unsuspected complexity, and its behavior, influenced by a multitude of factors, including ambient pressure subject to incessant variations, makes it a thorny subject to master. This phenomenon, often ignored and underestimated by players, can have a significant impact on performance and gaming pleasure. Atmospheric pressure influences the rebound of balls: the higher it is, the more the force exerted downwards compresses the ball. ball, thus reducing its rebound height. On the other hand, in low pressure environments, the ball bounces higher because there is less air to slow it down. This is because low atmospheric pressure limits air resistance during rebound due to reduced air resistance. Additionally, these conditions lead to an increase in ball speed, which increases impact on smashes and dynamic play.

Understanding atmospheric pressure

The hectopascal (symbolized by hPa) is the unit most commonly used in meteorology to measure it. Atmospheric pressure is the weight of air exerted on a given surface. It decreases with altitude, because there is less air to exert pressure. At sea level it is around 1013 hPa. The higher we go, the less air there is above our heads and the lower the pressure. In general, the pressure is higher in the morning and lower in the evening. In the morning, when the sun begins to heat the earth's surface, the air heats up and expands, causing an increase in atmospheric pressure. In the evening, when the sun sets, the earth's surface cools and the air contracts, resulting in a decrease in atmospheric pressure. On average, atmospheric pressure decreases by 1 hPa every 8 meters.

  • Average pressure at 1 m altitude: 500 hPa
  • Average pressure at 3 m: 000 hPa
  • Average pressure at 5 m: 500 hPa

Effect on the ball padel

The ball consists of a rubber core and a felt exterior. The core is pressurized, which gives it its tone and bounce. Air pressure exerts a force on the ball, pushing it downward. The higher the pressure, the greater the force, and the more the ball is compressed. When the ball bounces, the compressed air inside the ball relaxes and the ascent can begin. However, if the atmospheric pressure is high, the compressed air inside the ball has less force to propel it upward. This is why balls bounce less in environments with high air mass. The ambient temperature also has an effect on the behavior of the balls. padel.

Heat and low pressure: an explosive cocktail for attackers

As the temperature rises and the air pressure drops, the ball appears to free itself from gravity. For example, an increase in temperature causes an increase in internal pressure, leading to a sharper rebound and increased speed. It is important to adapt your game accordingly to continue to enjoy and perform.

Consequences on the game

In summer (and/or at altitude), bullets padel fly faster and towards the sky. This can have several consequences on the game:

  • Smashes are more powerful.
  • Volleys are more difficult to control.
  • The points are shorter.
  • The game becomes more aerial.

Le padel adapts to altitude: non-pressurized balls for a level playing field

In high altitude regions like Mexico City, where atmospheric pressure is significantly lower, tournaments padel adopted a strategic change: the use of non-pressurized bullets. This decision is essential to maintain the integrity of the game and prevent it from becoming a simple recital for thrill-seeking gunners.

Seasons to take into account

In general, the average atmospheric pressure is slightly higher in winter than in summer. Here are some explanations:

  1. Air cooling in winter: in winter, the air cools, making it denser and heavier. This dense air sinks, increasing the atmospheric pressure at ground level.
  2. High temperature in summer: in summer, the air heats up, making it less dense and lighter. This light air rises, decreasing atmospheric pressure at ground level.
  3. Lower temperature differences at altitude: It is important to note that this pressure difference between winter and summer is greater at ground level. At altitude, the temperature differences between seasons are less significant, and the atmospheric pressure is therefore more stable.
  4. Variations in atmospheric pressure: Atmospheric pressure is not constant and can vary during the same day depending on the presence of weather systems such as depressions and anticyclones.

Padel, weather and atmospheric pressure: assets to exploit

Marseille, a playground influenced by the weather: on average, the atmospheric pressure in Marseille oscillates between 1017 hPa in winter and 1013 hPa in summer. However, variations can be significant, ranging from 990 hPa to 1020 hPa, or even higher in extreme weather events. Warm, sunny days are often accompanied by slightly lower atmospheric pressure, while cold spells in winter are associated with high pressure.

A direct impact on your game!

  • Low pressure, bullets flying: the lower the air pressure, the farther and higher the ball flies, which favors par 3s and dynamic play.
  • High pressure, stubborn ball: conversely, high atmospheric pressure makes the ball heavier and less efficient, complicating killer strikes.

Anticipate and adapt your strategy

Check the atmospheric pressure before your match (normally the weather application on your smartphone has this function), or on the website mareespeche.com. For many years, I have gotten into the habit of checking the atmospheric pressure (and humidity) five minutes before starting a game, and this information guides my gaming strategy. When these two values ​​are high, I I'm adjusting my approach by adopting a more technical, precise and less aggressive style of play. Conversely, lower pressure values ​​allow me to play more offensively, especially by attempting more par 3s.


The effect of atmospheric pressure on bullets padel is an important factor for players to consider. Interpreting how it influences ball bounce and speed allows players to adjust their shots and improve their performance on the court. By deciphering the vagaries of the climate and deploying appropriate tactics, athletes can adapt and maximize the appropriate strategy in order to reach their full potential and make the most of weather hazards.


The most extreme sea level pressures recorded in France oscillate between 951,8 hPa at the tip of La Hague (Channel) on February 25, 1989 and 1 hPa at Abbeville (Somme) on January 049,7, 20.

Stéphane Penso

Fan of padel, Stéphane has become the official tester of the planet padel in Europe. Everything goes through his expert hands. Thanks to his extensive experience in the snowshoeing world, he is able to scan your gear from head to toe!